HISTORY OF THE RED HOLSTEIN BREED AND “ABC GENETICS”


1964: Inauguration of the “first” Red Holstein association in the USA

 

Red and White  dairy  cattle  association  (RWDCA): 

–  First director: Elmer Carpenter from Pennsylvania

–  Second director:  John Carpenter  (son of Elmer )

    3  Members:

–  Larry Moore RH breeder of mink in Suamico Wisc.

–  John Gage, lawyer in Manhatten  Kansas

–  Dr. Doc Ostrander, veterinarian in Illinois

 

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RED & WHITE REFLECTIONS

The First Fifty Years of the

Red & White Dairy Cattle Association

By Ronald F. Eustice

Founded in I964, the Red & While Dairy Cattle Association (RWDCA) was located in Crystal Spring, PA from 1975 until 2009 when the headquarters were moved to Clinton, WI. The RWDCA strives to encourage and promote the progressive breeding and development of superior Red & White dairy cattle by providing breeders with information, programs, and

services to help track, evaluate, and improve the breed from one generation to the next. The Association is based on the principle of an open herdbook and currently serves over 1’300 members.

The dairy cow was added as Wisconsin’s official “domestic animal” by Chapter 167. Laws of 1971, in recognition of the animal’s many contributions to the state. In keeping with a succession plan adopted by the Wisconsin Purebred Dairy Cattle Association, whose

members represent the seven major dairy breeds; the Red & White Holstein was designated as the 2011 Cow of the Year.

 

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FIFTY YEARS OF RED & WHITE DAIRY CATTLE PROGRESS

In 1963, as a University of Minnesota freshman, I purchased my first Red and White females. During high school, I spent my summers working with show cattle at Mor-Ayr Farm owned by Dr. R. B.Graves, a physician at Red Wing, MN. He purchased and bred some of North America’s finest Ayrshires. One of Dr. Graves’ animals was Mor-Ayr Bell Bellidina, who at EX-97.2 is still the highest classified Ayrshire of all time. Jerry Strandlund, then a recent graduate of the University at Minnesota, became manager of Mor-Ayr in I964. He worked at Mor-Ayr several years before becoming herd manager for Larry Moore in Suamico, Wl in 1965-66.

In 1962, Dr. Graves donated several heifers to the University of Minnesota with the understanding that the Ayrshire herd would be developed. Dr. Clarence Cole, Dairy Department Head, graciously accepted the gift and promptly bred each of the heifers to Red Holstein bulls: Larry Moore Pioneer and Larry Moore Nobile, then on loan to the University from Larry Moore. From those matings, four heifer calves were born. At the time, Dr. Cole was my college advisor and one day I asked him what his plans were for the Red and White calves? His response was, “I’ll sell them to you and cheap.” I negotiate a deal and as a university freshman at 18 years old, I owned my first Red and Whites.

In those days, there was limited domestic demand for Red and Whites. While still a student at the University of Minnesota, I was able to purchase some well-bred calves at very reasonable prices including daughters of SRD Advancer Three, Arlinda Ace, Pineyhill Majority, Center Field Ivanhoe Trustee, Walkway Monitor Joel and Citation R. Maple as well as a son of Reflection Brauns Ace. Many of these animals found a new home in Brazil. The proceeds helped pay my college tuition and living expenses.

My passion for Red and Whites raised a few eyebrows. Some of the prominent Holstein breeders in Minnesota and elsewhere were not happy to see these red and white outcasts legitimized. The US. and Canadian Holstein Associations were considering by-law changes that would allow red and white offspring of purebred black and white parents to enter the Holstein herdbook. Efforts at national conventions failed several times before the membership decided it was time to open the Holstein herd book to Red and Whites.

There were many who were openly hostile to the Red and Whites. One Imminent Holstein breeder, a Minnesota Holstein Association past president, took me aside one day for some fatherly advice and said “Ronnie, you have a good future ahead of you, but if you keep on with those Red and Whites, you might ruin your reputation.” l politely thanked him and completely ignored his advice.

During the next few years. I became acquainted with nearly all of the early Red and White cattle breeders. Several times I was invited to be a guest in their homes and I traveled with some of them, most notably Elmer Carpenter, from farm to farm to select consignments for the National Red and White Sale held at Waterloo, IA in 1969. I served on the RWDCA board from 1979 until 1982. In 1965, l purchased a Red and White heifer from Apple Acres Farm, Hastings, MN. This cow, Color Crest Miss Scarlet-Red (VG-87) was named Reserve Grand Champion at the first National Red and White Show in 1968 at World Dairy Expo. Later in this week, she topped the 1968 National Sale at World Dairy Expo. Scarlet-Red was purchased by Cliff and Claudine Boatright, Wellington, KS and gave birth to six daughters. A head shot of Scarlet appeared on the cover of Farm Journal magazine and three times on the cover of the American Breeder‘s Service Red and White sire directory.

Since then, my career has included nearly 50 years of service to American agriculture including management positions at Minnesota Holstein Association, where in 1984, l helped start the Minnesota Red and White Club; Carnation/Genetics: American Breeder’s Service; Land 0′ Lakes; and, the Minnesota Beef Council. I have continued to be involved in cattle activities during the pant 50 years and have thoroughly enjoyed watching Red and Whites gain worldwide acceptance and popularity.

In 1961, who could imagine that descendants of heifers that narrowly missed the butcher block could sell at public auction for a million dollars? Who could imagine that in 2013, there would be almost as many spectators at the International Red and White Show as there were watching the Black and White judging later the same day? No one could imagine that a Red and White, Lavender Ruby Redrose-Red (ex-96) would be crowned Supreme Champion at World Dairy Expo in 2005 and that in 2013, KHW Regimen Apple 3-Red-ETN (EX-96), a cloned female, would be selected as Grand Champion at the International Red and White Show at World Dairy Expo and named Reserve Supreme Champion.

As the RWDCA enters its 50th year, I have been asked by the organization’s History Committee to share some of my recollections of the early years of the Red and White Dairy Cattle Association. I am highly honored for the opportunity to reflect upon 50 years of Red and White dairy cattle progress.

 

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

 

The author is grateful to the following people who have been willing to share their extensive experience, knowledge and research with me to make this publication possible. These experts have one thing in common; they share a passion for Red and White dairy cattle and as a result have helped the breed reach a position of worldwide prominence and respect.

Dr. Larry Specht, Professor Emeritus Dairy Science, Pennsylvania State University, has compiled a history of Red and White Holsteins. The history provides an overview of how the existence of Red and White dairy cattle evolved in the United States when all of the early Holsteins imported from the Netherlands were black and white. From a series of interviews and research into existing documentation, Dr. Specht explained the emergence of the red trait, and how Red and White Holsteins came to be accepted as eligible for registration first in Canada and then in the United States. The research centers on the introduction of the red gene into the United States and then the migration of the red hair color trait between the United States and Canadian Holstein populations. He identifies the primary bloodlines and “carrier” animals that succeeded in keeping the trait viable. Dr. Specht tried to use three primary sources to confirm the information he found, as he traced the pedigrees of Red and Whites as known Red. His research included studying old herd books, and reading extensively in the Canadian and US. breed publications, as well as other printed materials referencing early reports about red and White cattle.

Dr. David Selner, is a globally recognized dairy geneticist, who operates his own dairy consulting business that specializes in dairy genetics, dairy management, and dairy software both domestically and internationally. He worked in the Al. industry for over 30 years, holding positions as Vice-President and Senior Manager in Genetics, and in sire procurement, progeny testing, training and marketing. Dr. Selner has presented genetics seminars and papers in over 20 countries, educating producers and industry personnel. Every major US. dairy breed and many international dairy cattle breeding associations have sought his expertise to aid their genetic development. He remains actively involved in managing his family’s dairy operation, is an international dairy cattle judge and served as the Chairman of the Dairy Show at World Dairy Expo. Dr. Selner has a special interest in Red and Whites and has a unique knowledge of red and red carrier sires that have influenced the breed.

Maurice Leduc, was partner of the Granduc Holstein herd until 2002 when the herd was dispersed. This Quebec herd twice received the prestigious title of “Master Breeder”, 1994 and 2005. The Granduc herd has developed internationally Cloverlands Skylar Cherry-Red (VG-87—CAN DOM 12*). Maurice has been the first Canadian to accept two important RWDCA awards: the Larry Moore Master Breeder Award and the Don Albrecht Distinguished Achievement Award in 2007. Maurice Leduc has been the Club Resource Officer for the Canadian Red and White Holstein Club since 2002. He has written numerous articles on the transmission of the Red Factor which have been published in Canadian dairy journals. The province of Quebec has been a leader in organizing Canadian Red and White Holstein activities. The driving force behind these activities has been Maurice Leduc.

Jean-Louis Schrago, Crans, Switzerland, has spent his entire adult life promoting Red and White dairy cattle. As an employee and later sales representative for American Breeders Service, he was a pioneer in the introduction of Red Holstein genetics in Switzerland, throughout Europe and many other countries. Jean-Louis Schrago established his own dairy breeding company, ABC Genetics, and has developed several outstanding proven Red Holstein sires that have had a major impact on Red and White genetics worldwide. Jean-Louis works closely with his brothers in the development of their Red and White herd in Switzerland.

 

1968:  First RH semen exported to Switzerland from Larry Moore bulls

Larry Moore Transmitter Jack Red, Pioneer Red, Lad Red, James Red.

 

1968: Grand Champion Red & White This was the second World Dairy Show in Madison, now known as the World Dairy Expo Photo credit: Jean-Louis Schrago

1968: Duallyn Chieftain May Red:  First Grand Champion Red & White cow!
This was the second World Dairy Show in Madison, now known as the World Dairy Expo
Photo credit: Jean-Louis Schrago

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Schrago brothers had 2 passions:

Football (soccer) and animal breeding

1970 11 Children from 2 families played soccer on one team: 6 “Schrago” brother’s plaid with 5 “Conus” brothers. Animal breeding was in their blood. From left to right (standing up) the 6 Schrago brothers: – Marcel: breeder of German shepherds – André: dairy cow breeder – Jean-Louis: founder of ABC GENETICS AI – Synèse: breeder of pigeons – Emile: breeder of rabitts and “king”pigeons – Aloys: dairy cow breeder.

1970 11 Children from 2 families played soccer on one team:
6 “Schrago” brother’s plaid with 5 “Conus” brothers.
Animal breeding was in their blood.
From left to right (standing up) the 6 Schrago brothers:
– Marcel: breeder of German shepherds
– André: dairy cow breeder
– Jean-Louis: founder of ABC GENETICS AI
– Synèse: breeder of pigeons
– Emile: breeder of rabitts and “king”pigeons
– Aloys: dairy cow breeder.

 

1972: A group of breeders from Switzerland at the WDE expo in Madison Including: Edgar Blaesi (3rd from right) from the national Swiss RH committee, Jean-Louis Schrago (second from left) and André Schrago (last on right)

 1972 : A group of breeders from Switzerland at the WDE expo in Madison                      
Including: Edgar Blaesi (3rd from right) from the national Swiss RH committee, Jean-Louis Schrago (second from left) and André Schrago (last on right)

 

April 24th, 1972:  Hanover-Hills Triple Threat Red was born in New York State, USA.  

(Telstar  x  Hanover-Hills Pride Lucky Barb RF  EX-94)  x John Lucky Barb  RF  EX 97)

Famous breeder: Peter Heffering, Hanover-Hills Farm

1971:  Jean-Louis Schrago advised the mating to the breeder Peter Heffering to produce this famous bull.

After buying Triple Threat, ABS (American Breeders Service) hired Jean-Louis Schrago as European Manager during 10 years,

to develop semen sales of the Holstein bulls Bootmaker, Valiant and especially the top Red Factors bulls like Citation R Maple RF

and H.H. Triple Threat Red.

 

1977: First milking daughter of Triple Threat in Switzerland Cow: Schrago Triple Ortensia Red Picture: - Dr. Robert Walton (director of ABS, second from right) on his first trip to Switzerland - Dr. Otto Dramm from AI Hannover, Germany (first from left) - Alain Du Colombier Bovec, France (second from left) - André Schrago on the halter

1977: First milking daughter of  Triple Threat in Switzerland
Cow: Schrago Triple Ortensia Red
Picture:
– Dr. Robert Walton (director of ABS, second from right) on his first trip to Switzerland
– Dr. Otto Dramm from AI Hannover, Germany (first from left)
– Alain Du Colombier Dir. Bovec, France (second from left)
– André Schrago on the halter

1977: Larry Moore’s first visit to Switzerland Cow: Schrago Jack Helvetia Red, first milking daughter of L.M. Jack Red in Switzerland. Picture: Larry Moore with J-L Schrago, André & Aloys Schrago

1977: Larry Moore visited first crop of daughters cross with                   Simmental breed in Switzerland of his bull:                                               Larry Moore Transmitter Jack Red

Picture: 2 first daughters of Jack Red at the Schrago farm in Middes, Fribourg, Switzerland.

On the halter: André and Aloys Schrago

Behind the 2 cows: Larry Moore and Jean-Louis Schrago

1980:  Russian delegation visited RED HOLSTEIN / SIMMENTAL - first cross results at the Schrago farm in Switzerland On the right: Dr. Y. Legoshin and Dr. L. Stefaniouk from the agriculture Ministry in Moscow of the Soviet Union. On the left: Agnes Schrago, mother of Jean-Louis Schrago. In the middle: Dr.  H. Ernst, director of the Genetic Institute “Pushkin” near St. Petersburg (Russia). Following this visit, a Russian delegation came back to Switzerland in 1984, 1985 and 1986 during the Bulle show.  At this time, Russia bought 150 Red Holstein young bulls to produce semen in Soviet Union especially in Ukraine. At this time, the Bulle show was organized by Victor Jordan and Christof Gerber of Fribourg Switzerland.

1980:  Russian delegation visited RED HOLSTEIN / SIMMENTAL – first cross results at the Schrago farm in Switzerland
On the right: Dr. Y. Legoshin and Dr. L. Stefaniouk from the agriculture Ministry in Moscow of the Soviet Union. On the left: Agnes Schrago, mother of Jean-Louis Schrago. In the middle: Dr.  H. Ernst, director of the Genetic Institute “Pushkin” near St. Petersburg (Russia). Following this visit, a Russian delegation came back to Switzerland in 1984, 1985 and 1986 during the Bulle show.  At this time, Russia bought 150 Red Holstein young bulls to produce semen in Soviet Union especially in Ukraine. At this time, the Bulle show was organized by Victor Jordan and Christof Gerber of Fribourg Switzerland.

 

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1980: Schrago Dominator JONN Red Dominator x Catsup Red JONN Red was the first good proven bull (crossing RH – Simmental) produced by the Schrago farm in Switzerland. Picture of the head of JONN Red: Cyril Schneider RH breeder in Canada (Dameya farm) and Jean-Louis Schrago

1980: Schrago Dominator JONN- ET  Red
Dominator x Catsup Red
JONN Red was the first positive proven bull (crossing RH – Simmental) produced by the Schrago farm in Switzerland.
Picture of the head of JONN Red: Cyril Schneider RH breeder in Canada (Dameya farm) and Jean-Louis Schrago

 

1977: Dr. Robert Walton is signing the first agreement with the USSR at the ministry of agriculture in Moscow under Lenin’s watch

1977: Dr. Robert Walton is signing the first ABS agreement with the USSR at the Ministry of agriculture in Moscow under Lenin’s watch
Photo credit: Jean-Louis Schrago

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Hannover-Hill Triple Treat Red was born “red“! At 9 months old, Triple Threat became completely black-red !! It was a big surprise at ABS who spent more than 60’000 $ to buy a “red” bull. At this time nobody in the USA knew about  this new gene Black-red (BR) called “Mahogany”. Only the top of the back stays  “red”. In 1973,  most of the North American breeders were considering that the red color was a genetic defect in the Holstein breed. Thus most of the red calves were slaughtered immediately after birth. It was the case at the Roybrook farm when their famous white cow Roybrook Model Lass EX (mother of the bull Telstar who was sold to Japan because of his red Factor) produced a red calf. Mr Roy Ormiston owner of Roybrook farm eliminated any red calf  from the cow Model Lass.  For this reason, nobody knew about the Black-red gene of Telstar before his son Triple Threat Red was 9 months old and turned black-red (BR). Larry Moore in Suamico, Wisconsin was the first breeder who began to breed the RED Holstein calves “unofficially”. That is why most of the Red Holstein breeders worldwide consider today Larry Moore as the “Father” of the new Red Holstein breed born during the 20th century!

Hannover-Hill Triple Treat Red was born “red“!
At 9 months old, Triple Threat became completely black-red !! It was a big surprise at ABS who spent more than 60’000 $ to buy a “red” bull. At this time nobody in the USA knew about  this new gene Black-red (BR) called “Mahogany”. Only the top of the back stays  “red”.
In 1973,  most of the North American breeders were considering that the red color was a genetic defect in the Holstein breed. Thus most of the red calves were slaughtered immediately after birth. It was the case at the Roybrook farm when their famous white cow Roybrook Model Lass EX (mother of the bull Telstar who was sold to Japan because of his red Factor) produced a red calf. Mr Roy Ormiston owner of Roybrook farm eliminated any red calf  from the cow Model Lass.  For this reason, nobody knew about the Black-red gene of Telstar before his son Triple Threat Red was 9 months old and turned black-red (BR).
Larry Moore in Suamico, Wisconsin was the first breeder who began to breed the RED Holstein calves “unofficially”. That is why most of the Red Holstein breeders worldwide consider today Larry Moore as the “Father” of the new Red Holstein breed born during the 20th century!

 

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1979: Paris Show – Group of 4 Triple Threat daughters in the US pavilion

 

Hanover Hill Triple Threat-Red

By Dr. Robert E. Walton

“The story of Hanover Hill Triple Threat is so intertwined with the story of Jean-Louis Schrago that I must first tell part of the Schrago story.  I first met Jean-Louis in August 1968 when he appeared at the receptionist desk at ABS with two of his fellow graduates from the Agriculture University in Switzerland.

They had first come to Canada to learn more about Red & White Holsteins there as some R&W semen had already been imported to Switzerland.  Schrago was already an avid enthusiast of the R&W breed.  They had just been at the Roundtree Holstein Farm near Toronto from which ABS had recently acquired the ABS Reflection Sovereign son Emperor.  The Roundtree’s had told Schrago that if he really wanted to find out what was going on in the cattle breeding world they should visit ABS.”

On their way down, Schrago and his Swiss friend Arthur Darbellay, decided to first visit the famous farm Hanover-Hills in New York State. Peter Heffering the owner of this dairy received them. He showed them his famous cow Hanover-Hills John Lucky Barb EX-97 (she was one of the first Holstein cows with the highest score in the USA EX-97 and she had the “red factor”.  One of her daughters was Hanover-Hills Pride Lucky Barb. When Schrago asked Peter Heffering to breed his best cow, John Lucky Barb to Roybrook Telstar RF to produce a red son, he asked him if he was joking because the US and Canada only had a few red cows in 1968. For Peter there was no R&W market at this time!

“After this nice visit, they took the Greyhound bus again and travelled to Madison, Wisconsin and De Forest to visit ABS. Thinking ABS was right on the edge of town, they endured a 3 mile walk.  The receptionist wasn’t sure what to do with them so she called me and I invited them to my office and learned about their mission – or rather Schrago’s mission as the other two were agronomy majors.  After hearing his story and being impressed with his dedication to the cause of the R&W, I told them they should really return to Wisconsin in a couple of months to attend the World Dairy Expo.  I then took them to dinner and to the YMCA in Madison where I paid for their rooms for a couple of days as they looked pretty tired and bedraggled from their travels.

Schrago did return to attend the World Dairy Expo which had R&W classes for the 1st time and which coincidentally a guy named Ron Eustice was showing a cow who became Reserve Grand Champion.

    About a year later I was in Switzerland selecting Simmental bulls to import for our burgeoning beef AI program when I was able to visit the university where Schrago had studied.  His major professor there named Weber attested that Schrago was indeed one of their prize graduates and that he was then getting an MBA from a major business school in Paris.

    The next time I heard from Schrago was when he appeared in Madison about 1971 to study for a M.S. Degree in Animal Breeding & Genetics at the University of Wisconsin.  We kept in touch and when he graduated I hired him to take the lead in my initial efforts to open up the A.I. market in Europe.”

In 1971, Schrago came back to visit Hanover-Hills farm with a group of European dairy farmers.  At that time, Peter Heffering owner of the dairy, was ready to breed his best red factors cows with a red factor bull. During the 3 years after Schrago’s first visit, Peter had heard from different people that the R&W market was coming worldwide. After visiting his best cows, Heffering invited Schrago to have lunch. During the meal Peter asked Schrago which Red factor bull should be used? Schrago told him to use Roybrook Telstar RF. He answered that the bull was in Japan. Schrago then said he had the number where Telstar was housed and proposed to Heffering to call and ask for 2 Units. Peter called Japan and a secretary there was able to speak some English. She said that she would ask her boss for availability and price.  They waited for long minutes till suddenly they heard a voice on phone asking for $ 2’500 for 2 units of Telstar! Peter dropped the phone on the table and told Schrago the requested price!  Schrago answered “Peter it’s a done deal!”. After more discussion Schrago advised Peter to no longer breed John Lucky Barb (who was old) but to breed her best daughter H.H. Pride Lucky Barb EX-94 with Telstar.

10 months later on April 24th 1972, Triple Threat Red was born. Schrago was at the University of Madison when Professor Tyler received a phone call from Peter Heffering asking to speak with him. Peter told him “John-Louis, not only is the bull born from Pride Lucky Barb…but he’s red!”. They had a 25% chance and won!

 Schrago was so happy at this point about this new red bull being born that he asked his student friend Bill Backman from Seymour Wisconsin if they could drive to Hanover-Hills farm in New York immediately. Bill Backman agreed with no hesitation and they drove across Illinois, Michigan nonstop.  They arrived one day after and Peter was surprised to see them. He showed them the young bull who looked like a small dear as he was entirely red. They took many pictures and drove back to Madison convinced that an exceptional red bull was born!

At this time, they did not know that Telstar was carrier of the Black-red gene named later Mahogany.  Triple Threat Red received this gene “BR” from his father. For this reason, he turned black at 9 months at ABS. This “BR” information had never came out because Roy Ormiston, owner of the Roybrook farm had killed all red calves born from his famous cow Roybrook Model Lass EX, mother of Telstar. At that time, the Red factor was considered as a gene defect by many American and Canadian breeders. That is why Telstar was sold to Japan as young bull and Citation R to Mexico.

    “Schrago strongly pressed that ABS should buy Hanover Hill Triple Threat.  Schrago then returned to Switzerland and Ken Young from my Dairy Cattle Breeding staff went to the Hanover Hill sale.  I had authorized him to go up to $60,000 if necessary but he actually had to bid $62,000 to get him and I was not too pleased at the time.  As he later told me, “It was easier to ask for forgiveness then to ask for permission”.  A few months later Triple Threat began changing color from Red to Black and the so called Black-Red gene was first identified and expressed.  I was really upset with Schrago and Young at that point!  The bottom line is that was probably one of the best investments we ever made and Schrago and Young were forgiven many times over the years!

    Schrago really succeeded in opening the European market and Triple Threat became a major factor in that success – whatever breed and whatever kind of cow he was bred to, he caused a dramatic improvement. 

Hanover Hill Triple Threat-Red, one of the greatest sires in Holstein breed history was born in 1972. He was the result the skill of Master Breeder Pete Heffering who bred Roybrook Telstar*BRC to John’s Lucky Barb*RC. Hanover Hill Triple Threat-Red sold to ABS for $60,000 and burst on the scene with an outstanding pedigree and the ability to create tremendous brood cows. He created excitement and interest in Red & Whites and the red gene. He came close to being the ideal bull and was heavily used in North America and Europe.

Forty years after his birth, Hanover Hill Triple Threat-Red is still one of the most influential and respected sires of any breed. Although he was marginal for milk production, he was one of the Holstein breed’s best bulls for type improvement and also increased butterfat. His daughters were tall, with good udders and sound feet and legs and developed into high lifetime production cows. Triple Threat saw extensive use all over the world. His only fault was that he carried the black-red gene, which caused about half of his red and white offspring to turn mostly black before they reached six months of age.

When Triple Threat was about 5-6 years old he developed lameness on one front leg and was really a 3-legged bull the rest of his life.  That never prevented him from doing his job, though, as he would hobble into the collection room and then immediately come to life and produce semen with the best of them.  It was a remarkable story and he was a most remarkable character.  He probably did more for the R&W movement than any bull in history.  Thank goodness for Schrago’s confidence in him!”

In Switzerland, only one cow reached the highest classified score of EX-98: Guex Triple Tulippe Red. She was a daughter of Hanover Triple Threat Red. Schrago selected her to be presented with 3 others Triple Threat daughters at Paris agriculture show in 1979 inside the HFA pavilion. This show was the real starting point of the red Holstein breed in Europe. During this show, the French veterinarians were suspicious about this new dairy breed and they infected intentionally these 4 red cows with IBR. When Schrago came back to Switzerland, which was free from IBR disease, he was asked to slaughter immediately the animals. They slaughtered 3 of them but by luck, Anton Van Nieuwenhuize from Holland who was impressed by Tulippe EX-98 at the show, came to Switzerland and bought her. Tulippe EX-98 lived till she was 15-year-old in Holland and strongly contributed to the promotion of the new red Holstein breed.

    “As an aside, Schrago was later my key agent in establishing initial contacts in the U.S.S.R., in meeting Gorbachev, and in opening up that huge market.”

 

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 1979: Paris expo – Including 4 Triple Threat daughters

On left side: Michel Guex from Matran Switzerland with his cow Guex Triple Tulipe Red  EX-98
On the right side: André Schrago with his cow Schrago Triple Tella Red EX-92

 

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1978: Larry Moore from Suamico (Wisconsin) “Father of the Red Holstein breed” in the USA and his daughter Rose visiting Switzerland

Larry Moore was very impressed  to see the famous  daughter of Triple TreatGuex Triple Tulipe Red  EX-98

On Halter: Michel Guex, the breeder of Tulipe Red

 

1979: The photographer Danny Weaver (USA) took this picture of the famous Triple daughter Guex Triple Tulipe Red EX-98 in Switzerland.

1979: The photographer Danny Weaver (USA) took this picture of the famous Triple daughter Guex Triple Tulipe Red EX-98 in Switzerland.

At this time, Triple Threat was the hottest bull at ABS in semen demand worldwide.  Triple Threat Red produced 510’000 units during his life. More than 200’000 units were sold to Europe.  That is why during the WDE in Madison in 1980, Dr. Robert Walton (Director of ABS) and Jean-Louis Schrago, European manager of ABS at this time, took this picture in front of the most famous daughter of Triple Threat in Europe Guex Triple Tulipe Red EX-98.  Another Triple Threat did a famous job in North America: Hannover-Hills LuLu RF EX-96.  She was the mother of the famous bull Hannover-Hills INSPIRATION.

 

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Guex Triple Tulipe EX 98, Paris Expo 1979.  Picture  : Danny Weaver USA

1979 - Arrival of TULIPE in Holland with Anton Van Nieuwenhuize 4 Hannover-Hills Triple Threat daughters from Switzerland were brought to the Paris show. Unfortunately, IBR disease infected them all. When they came back to Switzerland 3 of them were immediately slaughtered, as the country was free of IBR. To avoid to slaughter the best of these 4 cows, Guex Triple TULIPE Red EX-98, J-L Schrago had her transferred to Holland. She survived until 15 years old and produced many famous offsprings. At the same time, TULIPE did a great promotion of the Red Holstein crossing program. At this time, Holland started a large crossing program with the MRY breed.

June 30, 1979 – Arrival of  Guex TULIPE Red EX-98 in Holland with Anton Van Nieuwenhuize

4 Hannover-Hills Triple Threat daughters from Switzerland were brought to the Paris show by Jean-Louis Schrago inside of the USA pavilion. Unfortunately, they were infected by IBR disease.  When they came back to Switzerland, 3 of them were immediately slaughtered, as the country was IBR free.  To avoid to slaughter the best of these 4 cows, Guex Triple TULIPE Red EX-98, Jean-Louis Schrago had her transferred to Holland.  She survived until 15 years old and produced many famous offsprings. At the same time, Tulipe did a great promotion of the Red Holstein crossing program.  At this time, Holland started a large crossing program with the MRY red breed (Picture of Tulipe at the arrival to Hineke dairy farm in Holland).

           Artikel

 

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1980: Important visit to Switzerland of Dino Migliazzo, a breeder of 1'000 Holstein cows in Merced, California in front of a Magnetize daughter at the show in the Emmental Valley of Switzerland.

1980: Important visit to Switzerland of Dino Migliazzo, a breeder of 1’000 Holstein cows in Merced, California in front of a Magnetize daughter at the show in the Emmental Valley of Switzerland.

Dino was the owner of  Magnetize Red who was one of the first RH bulls heavily used in Switzerland after Larry Moore Jack, Pioneer, James Red and Brandely Citation Topper Red.

 

This large, ornate Swiss cowbell Is a gift to the World Dairy Expo from the dairy cattle breeders of Switzerland. Gregory Blaska, left, Marshall, Expo president, and Jean L. Schrago, representative of American Breeders Service in Switzerland, hold the ceremonial bell, on which the words “0h, bell, move my heart” are inscribed. The bell was designed and hand-tooled by Michele Page, son of a Swiss dairy farmer. — State Journal photo by Robert C. Bjorklund

This large, ornate Swiss cowbell Is a gift to the World Dairy Expo from the dairy cattle breeders of Switzerland. Gregory Blaska, left, Marshall, Expo president, and Jean L. Schrago, representative of American Breeders Service in Switzerland, hold the ceremonial bell, on which the words “0h, bell, move my heart” are inscribed. The bell was designed and hand-tooled by Michele Page, son of a Swiss dairy farmer.
— State Journal photo by Robert C. Bjorklund

 

 

State gets Swiss gift In a small ceremony Monday in the governor’s office, Jean-louis Schrago, American Breeders Service representative in Switzerland, presented Elaine Schreiber, wife of the governor, with a brass cowbell. It is a gift from the Swiss dairy breeders to the State of Wisconsin and the World Dairy Expo which concluded early this month. At 15 pounds, however, it’s much too heavy for any cow to actually wear. It will be on display in the governor’s office. Staff photo by Henry A. Koshollek

State gets Swiss gift
In a small ceremony Monday in the governor’s office, Jean-louis Schrago, American Breeders Service representative in Switzerland, presented Elaine Schreiber, wife of the governor, with a brass cowbell. It is a gift from the Swiss dairy breeders to the State of Wisconsin and the World Dairy Expo which concluded early this month. At 15 pounds, however, it’s much too
heavy for any cow to actually wear. It will be on display in the governor’s office.
Staff photo by Henry A. Koshollek

 

December 20th 2000: Opening day of the ABC AI Center in Middes, Fribourg, Switzerland 1983: Jean-Louis Schrago launched the company ABC GENETICS to export semen from Red Holstein and Brown Swiss bulls worldwide.

December 20th 2000: Opening day of the ABC AI Center in Middes, Fribourg, Switzerland
1983: Jean-Louis Schrago launched the company ABC GENETICS to export semen from Red Holstein and Brown Swiss bulls worldwide.

 

1995: ABC GENETICS has open an Artificial Insemination school to teach breeders how to inseminate their cows with the cooperation of Dr. Pierre Perroud. Since then, more than 420 breeders received their degree and the right to breed their own cows in Switzerland.

1995: ABC GENETICS has open an Artificial Insemination school to teach breeders how to inseminate their cows with the cooperation of Dr. Pierre Perroud. Since then, more than 420 breeders received their degree and the right to breed their own cows in Switzerland.

 

1982:  Agriculture show in Paris (France) At this time Paris was the biggest agriculture show in the world with more than 1’000’000 visitors from more than 70 countries. Promotion of the “new” Red Holstein breed with the bull: Schrago Fire Nadir Red  EX-90, son of Browndale Fire Red, lead by Jean-Louis Schrago.

1982:  Agriculture show in Paris (France)
At this time Paris was the biggest agriculture show in the world with more than 1’000’000 visitors from more than 70 countries.
Promotion of the “new” Red Holstein breed with the bull:
Schrago Fire Nadir Red  EX-90, son of Browndale Fire Red, lead by Jean-Louis Schrago.

 

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6H817 Ja-Bob JORDAN RED EX-90 Phideaux x Mom. Handmaid EX-91 x Caveman Joe EX-90 x Chief Mark Joy EX-92 x Tony Helen EX-92 USA: 17378279 CH: US000.1737.8279.6 aAa: 345 Many breeders worldwide, will remember JORDAN RED as a great Red Holstein bull having many superb daughters with especially beautiful udders, with ideal teat size and placement and several great sons! IRENE RED: First Red Holstein EX-96 cow in Switzerland Suard JORDAN IRENE RED EX-96 (EX-97 Udder) 9 y.

6H817 Ja-Bob JORDAN RED EX-90
Thank you Jordan Red to produce the European Champion RH cow 2013:
Suard Jordan Irene Red EX-96, owned by Schrago Frères, Middes, Fribourg, Switzerland

 

1997: April 16, Ja-Bob Jordan Red EX 90 was born! The bull Jordan was lucky to be born! Why? In 1996, Jean-Louis Schrago visited Ja-Bob farm in Eaton, Ohio. When he saw the cow Handmaid EX-91, he asked Mark Yeazel owner of the Ja-Bob farm to flush this cow with the bull: Phideaux RF (Blactar son). Mark Yeazel, after looking in his computer refused to use Phideaux on this cow because this bull was negative in milk. Finally, after discussion, Jean-Louis Schrago bought 10 embryos from Handmaid with Phideaux and Mark Yeazel accepted the deal. 3 months later, Handmaid produced only 3 embryos with not enough quality to be qualified for export. These 3 embryos were implanted at the Ja-Bob farm. All 3 embryos were fertile. 9 months later the first 2 embryos were females and by luck the last embryo was a red bull (his father was Red Factor). Ja-Bob Jordan Red was born.

1997: April 16, Ja-Bob Jordan Red EX 90 was born!
The bull Jordan was lucky to be born! Why?
In 1996, Jean-Louis Schrago visited Ja-Bob farm in Eaton, Ohio. When he saw the cow Handmaid EX-91, he asked Mark Yeazel owner of the Ja-Bob farm to flush this cow with the bull: Phideaux RF (Blactar son). Mark Yeazel, after looking in his computer refused to use Phideaux on this cow because this bull was negative in milk. Finally, after discussion, Jean-Louis Schrago bought 10 embryos from Handmaid with Phideaux and Mark Yeazel accepted the deal. 3 months later, Handmaid produced only 3 embryos with not enough quality to be qualified for export. These 3 embryos were implanted at the Ja-Bob farm. All 3 embryos were fertile. 9 months later the first 2 embryos were females and by luck the last embryo was a red bull (his father was Red Factor). Ja-Bob Jordan Red was born.

 

2006: Jordan Heifer at the World classic sale (Markwell Jordan Ranbow Red) sold for 25'700 $

2006: Jordan Heifer at the World classic sale (Markwell Jordan Ranbow Red) sold for 25’700 $

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JORDAN Irene Red EX 96 with her daughter ITALIA Indiana Red VG 86 2y. Owner / Besitzer / Propriétaire: Schrago Frédéric & Damien, Middes, Fribourg, Switzerland

JORDAN Irene Red EX-96 with her daughter ITALIA Indiana Red VG-88 3y. at the Schrago Frères farm in Middes Fribourg  Switzerland.

 

2013: The magic moment when Suard Jordan Irene Red EX-96 was elected as “European RH champion 2013“ This picture taken by Christine Massfeller from the Holstein International magazine and was considered by many breeders to be “The picture of the year 2013”. Christine was able to take this picture when the European judge (Mr. Niels Erik Haahr from Denmark) nominated Irene Red EX-96 as “European RH champion 2013”. At the holder, Mr. Thomas Ender was celebrating this victory as well. Just after the show, the judge Niels Erik Haahr, Mr. Thomas Ender at the holder and the Schrago family celebrated this historical victory for Switzerland and Ja-Bob Jordan Red (father of Irene Red).

2013: The magic moment when Suard Jordan Irene Red EX-96 was elected as “European RH champion 2013“
This picture taken by Christine Massfeller from the Holstein International magazine and was considered by many breeders to be “The picture of the year 2013”.
Christine was able to take this picture when the European judge (Mr. Niels Erik Haahr from Denmark) nominated Irene Red EX-96 as “European RH champion 2013”.
At the holder, Mr. Thomas Ender was celebrating this victory as well. Just after the show, the judge Niels Erik Haahr, Mr. Thomas Ender at the holder and the Schrago family celebrated this historical victory for Switzerland and Ja-Bob Jordan Red (father of Irene Red).

 

 

Suard Jordan Irene Red EX-96 Stature: 154 cm = 62 in Born on December 3rd, 2004 Production until 08-2014: 5 lactations - 70'643 kg (155'415 lbs.) 4,69 % F 3,48 % protein

Suard Jordan Irene Red  EX-96
Height / Stature: 154 cm = 62 inches
Born on December 3rd, 2004
                                                                                                                        Production until Today  (08-2015) :                                                         6 lact.  : 83’598 kg (183’915 lbs)  4,71 % F   3,42 %Protein

 

 

Suard Red Jordan IRENE EX-96 4E presents her family! From left to right: Schrago Mr Burns IRIS-ET EX-92 3. lact.: 12’426 kg / 27’337 Ibs. 4.05 % MG 3.54 % PROT Schrago Butler ISA-ET Red VG-85 2 years 1. lact. (est.): 9’123 kg / 20’070 Ibs. 4.10 % MG 3.51 % PROT Schrago Italia INDIANA Red EX93 2. lact.: 10’383 kg / 25’513 Ibs. 4.50 % MG 3.68 % PROT Schrago Barbwire BILLIE Red G+84 2 years 1. lact.: 9’120 kg / 20’064 Ibs. 3.66 % MG 3.42 % PROT

July 2015:  Suard Jordan IRENE Red EX-96 at 11 years old 

with 3 milking daughters:

– Schrago Italia Indiana Red EX-93  4 years old

– Schrago Burns Iris Red EX-92  4 years old

– Schrago Butler Isa Red VG-85 2 years old

– with one granddaughter: Schrago Barbwire Billie Red  84 Points  2 years old

September 5th 2015: Swiss Red Holstein show  in Berne Switzerland

IRENE Red was selected as best udder cow and  champion cow of the show.

It is not to bad for a grand mother of 11 years old!

 

 

 

GOLD-N-OAKS ITALIA-RED-ET VG 86 Elayo (Stadel x Factor) x Shottle SARAH VG 86 2 y. x Alamo Salsa EX 90 x Ranger Redwing VG 88 US = 6299 6098 CH = US 000.6299.6098.3 aAa= 234 Born / Geb. / Né Le: 12/04/2007

2007: On December 4th, Gold-n-Oaks Italia Red was born.
The semen of this bull has now a high demand many countries due to especially his exceptional pregnancy rate! For many breeders , Italia Red is transmitting functional cows …like his maternal grand father : SHOTTLE

 

Schrago Italia Indiana Red VG-88 Height: 159 cm = 64 in This cow is the second daughter of Irene Red Her production is: 3-08 2x 305 9'938 kg (21'864 lbs.) 4,48 % F. 3,65 % Protein The Schrago farm is optimistic about this superb cow with type, milk, fat and especially high protein index!

Schrago Italia Indiana Red  EX 93   4 years  old

Height: 159 cm = 64 inches

This cow is the second daughter of Irene Red. Her production is:

3-08  2x  305   10’383 kg  (22’843 lbs.)   4,50 % F.    3,68 % Protein.                                                             The Schrago farm is optimistic about this superb cow with type, milk, fat  and especially high protein index!

 

138HO04155 Mr BTR Shottle BURNY RF VG 87 3y BURNY RF = Mr Burns x Shottle Caralie x Marmax Selsy x Patron Lucy x Aerostar Letti x Fagin Scarlet Red EX 94 ( Champion RH expo Madison ) x Scarlet Red EX 95 (champion BH expo Toronto )

2008: On January 31, Mr BTR Shottle BURNY RF was born
In a near future, this bull will have a positive impact to spread more red genetics across the world of the Holstein population.

 

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Le paigre Burny Sambia  RF  VG 85  : Hight / WH  = 158 cm = 63 inches                                                                                                                                                                                            2-07  305    2x 10’162 kg  (22’356 ) lbs                                              Reserve  Championne Junior Expo Saignelegier  2014  Jura Suisse.                             Owner / Besitzer / propriétaire : François % Thierry Juillerat Lajoux Switzerland

 

 

Golden-Oaks Dura Rae-P Red VG-86 2y. USA Mother / Mutter / Mère / Madre of ROBIN-PP RED 02-04 305 22’560 lbs. (10’255 kg) 3.80 % F 3.30 % prot. Owner / Besitzer / Propriétaire / Propietario: Ja-Bob Fram, Eaton, Ohio, USA

Golden-Oaks Dura Rae-P Red VG-86 2y. USA

02-04   305   22’560 lbs.  (10’255 kg)   3.80 % Fat    3.44 % protein                                                  
Owner / Besitzer / Propriétaire / Propietario: Ja-Bob Fram, Eaton, Ohio, USA
This cow will be more famous one day because:
– She is beautiful
– Her father DURABLE is a top proven bull
– She is “Polled”
– She is dark red
– Her milk has a high percentage of protein.
                                – Her first 2 sons at ABC GENETICS are already in high demand:          Ja-Bob Robin PP Red = Pine Tree RELIEF P x Golden-Oaks Dura-Rae Red VG-86 2y.   Ja-Bob Ronaldo PP Red = Pine Tree ALCHE P  x Golden-Oaks Dura-Rae Red VG 86    

 

 

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1990 : Expo in Chandigard  ( India )                                    great interest for semen and embryos from Black Holstein, Red Holstein ,Brown Swiss

 

2004: Agriculture Expo in Beijing, China                                             ABC GENETICS presented the best bulls : Red Holstein and Brown Swiss to be used in dry and tropical regions of China.

 

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1999:  World Dairy Expo in Madison, USA

                                                             At the ABC Genetics stand, Erika Schrago giving information                                                                                                                       to a Red Holstein breeder of Wisconsin.

 

 

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1982:                                                                                                               Dr Kahn (at the Center) Minister of agriculture of Turkey visiting ABS with a group of breeders of France and Switzerland.                                                                                                    – With a red coat : Mr Ronald Eustice  ABS De Forest (USA)         – Second from right : Walter Rufer  dairy farmer  Switzerland   – Third from right :  Jean Rimbeaud BOVEC  France          

 

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1973:  A group of Swiss breeders visiting the                               World Dairy Expo in Madison ( USA )                                               From left:                                                                                                     Bapst Benoit, Dupasquier Albert, Ecoffey Marcel, Oberson Marcel, 

 

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1974 :  Visit of ABS  De Forest Wisconsin  (USA )                   picture of  some breeders of Switzerland in front of the famous bull Paclamar Bootmaker.                                                                                       From left:                                                                                                               Oberson Stéphan, Rouiller Gérard, Schrago Aloys, Perroud Paul, Telley Georges, Dougoud Adrian, Schrago Jean-Louis et Yerly Joseph.     

 

2015: Visit of some Brown Swiss breeders in Peru at 4’200 m (12’000 Ft) high

2015: Visit of some Brown Swiss breeders in Peru at 4’000 m (12’000 Ft) high

 

2015: Brown Swiss cows in a pasture in Peru at 4'000 m High (12'000 feet) At this altitude only the Brown Swiss cows can produce milk!

2015: Brown Swiss cows in a pasture in Peru at 4’000 m High (12’000 feet)
At this altitude only the Brown Swiss cows can produce milk!

 

2015: Some Brown Swiss cows eating algae in Lake Titicaca Peru at 4’200 m

2015: Some Brown Swiss cows eating algae in Lake Titicaca Peru at 3’800 m

 

2015: ABC GENETICS team made a visit to the distributor for Peru at 4’200 m (12’000 Ft) high

2015: ABC GENETICS team made a visit to the distributor for Peru at 4’200 m (12’000 Ft) high

 

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                                           2015 : Michael Schrago visiting  Mr Luis Bermudez                                                         Red Holstein breeder near Bogota  Colombia

 

Thailand_RH-Kuh

2010 : ABC GENETICS visited Thailand dairy farmers                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Interesting monument of native cow and Red Holstein cow In Thailand.

 

 

2015: Visit of Expo La Rural in Buenos Aires (Argentina) We were very impressed with the beef production in Paraguay and Argentina. The champion BRANGUS (Brahman x Angus) bull was sold at 250’000 $ US! Today already, many countries (Example: USA) are to short on beef production! That is why some countries like Uruguay, Paraguay and Argentina are exporting more and more. But many experts are predicting that in 2030, if the world agriculture has to feed a population of 9 billion people, the demand for beef will be higher than the capacity of production worldwide!!! 

2015: Visit of Expo La Rural in Buenos Aires (Argentina)
We were very impressed with the beef production in Paraguay and Argentina. The champion BRANGUS (Brahman x Angus) bull was sold at 250’000 $ US! Today already, many countries (Example: USA) are to short on beef production! That is why some countries like Uruguay, Paraguay and Argentina are exporting more and more. But many experts are predicting that in 2030, if the world agriculture has to feed a population of 9 billion people, the demand for beef will be higher than the capacity of production worldwide!!!



Prediction of differents experts :                                                                                                         Meat consumption will increase 1,6% per year  during  the next 10 years worldwide. ! 

       The demand for “beef meat” has especially increased in China and India last few years.              Some  countries who were exporting beef  meat for many years are now in shortage.                    Exemple : USA. 

 

For countries with "high mountains" like: Switzerland, Austria, France, Peru, Brazil, India, China, Russia etc., we still need to produce in the future “efficient” dairy cows with good feet and legs, average size, who can walk and at the same, produce enough milk with high protein (for cheese production) in the summer with only pasture as available food source!

For countries with “high mountains” like: Switzerland, Austria, France, Peru, Brazil, India, China, Russia etc., we still need to produce for the future “efficient” dairy cows with good feet and legs, average size, who can walk and at the same, produce enough milk with high protein (for cheese production) in the summer with only pasture as available food source!


After 2015 , what can we expect?

The “red” and “polled” dairy cattle population will be still be growing worldwide due to:

– The need to decrease the inbreeding of some other dairy breeds.

   In the USA, the Holstein breed has clainmed over …7%.        The fertility is already  decreasing !

– The red color which gives better resistance for hot weather, intense  sun, high altitude and insects.

– Polled Gene with the advantages of having fewer accidents, fewer losses and easier calving.

– More demand of semen from bulls positive in Kappa Casein BB and Beta Casein A2A2.

   Exemple :  Ja-Bob ROBIN  PP  Red  Ja-Bob Ronaldo PP Red  : Kappa Casein  BB,   Beta Casein  A2 A2.

– In many countries, milk is in high demand and it will stay the best source of protein in the years to come

– The increase in milk production will be achieved increasingly by selecting for  :                                                                                     

   full-coated dark Red and… Polled dairy cows!

– There is a great future for the dairy farmers because the demand for milk is still increasing in many countries!